Asteridae. Solanaceae -- tomato/potato family (85-96/2800; Cosmopolitan, best developed in South American tropics). Habit herbs, shrubs and trees Leaves mostly alternate; simple to deeply divided or once or twice pinnate; estipulate Inflorescences cymose or solitary
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Comments: Many important cultivated members including: tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), potato (Solanum tuberosum), eggplant (Solanum melongena), peppers (Capsicum spp.), tobacco (Nicotiana), and petunias (Petunia).
Various members contain high contents of alkoloids and the name Nightshade probably derives from the potentially lethal side of these. Belladonna means “pretty lady” and women used to dose themselves with an extract of this plant to dilate their eyes and appear more desirable. Mandrake (Mandragon), nicotine (tobacco), and Jimson-weed (Datura) are all members of this family.
Scrophulariaceae -- the figwort or monkey flower family (190/ 4000; Cosmopolitan, most abundant in temperate regions and tropical alpine habitats)
Some genera: Aragoa, Bacopa, Bartsia, Calceolaria, Castilleja, Lindernia, Mimulus, Pedicularis, Verbascum, Veronica.
Comments:The Orobanchaceae is generally considered the parasitic/saprophytic counterpart/sistergroup to the Scrophulariaceae and sometimes treated as a subfamily within Scrophulariaceae. Indian paintbrush (Castilleja), a partial root parasite, is an example of a scroph that links the two families together. The Scrophulariaceae is important for its the production of cardiac glycosides from Digitalis (foxglove) and for ornamentals which include items such as veronica (Veronica), penstemons (Penstemon), butter and eggs (Linaria), monkey flowers (Mimulus), slipper flower (Calceolaria), etc.
b- family AsteridaeRubiaceae -- the madder or coffee family (450-606/ 6500; Mostly tropical)