Early days pittsburgh
Download
1 / 18

Early Days Pittsburgh - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 68 Views
  • Uploaded on

Early Days Pittsburgh. 1682 French laid claim to all the tributaries of the Mississippi and the territory through which they flowed. (result of LaSalle’s discovery).

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Early Days Pittsburgh' - darrin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Early days pittsburgh
Early Days Pittsburgh

1682 French laid claim to all the tributaries of the Mississippi and the territory through which they flowed.

(result of LaSalle’s discovery)



Dinwiddie
Dinwiddie earliest settlers. He operated a trading post in the area (near the Monongahela River by what we know as the Edgar Thompson Plant) and met George Washington while Washington was on a surveying trip

  • As governor, Robert Dinwiddie saw the beginnings of the conflict on Virginia's frontiers that would lead to the French and Indian War. He was a firm advocate of British expansion into the west. He sought the help of the Indians and the other British colonies in the struggle against the French, pressed the legislature for defense funds, and favored the use of regular armed forces in place of the less reliable militia. Dinwiddie made George Washington a lieutenant colonel.


The iroquois
The Iroquois earliest settlers. He operated a trading post in the area (near the Monongahela River by what we know as the Edgar Thompson Plant) and met George Washington while Washington was on a surveying trip

  • The people of the Six Nations, also known by the French term, Iroquois Confederacy, call themselves the Hau de no sau nee (ho dee noe sho nee) meaning People Building a Long House. Located in the northeastern region of North America, originally the Six Nations was five and included the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas, and Senecas. The sixth nation, the Tuscaroras, migrated into Iroquois country in the early eighteenth century.


1744 representatives of pa va md met with the six nations and arranged the treaty of lancaster
1744 earliest settlers. He operated a trading post in the area (near the Monongahela River by what we know as the Edgar Thompson Plant) and met George Washington while Washington was on a surveying trip Representatives of PA, VA, MD, met with the six nations and arranged the Treaty of Lancaster


1749 captain celoron claims the ohio valley for france
1749 Captain Celoron claims the Ohio valley for France earliest settlers. He operated a trading post in the area (near the Monongahela River by what we know as the Edgar Thompson Plant) and met George Washington while Washington was on a surveying trip

  • The French saw westward push of British as a threat. The French built a chain of forts Presque Isle (Erie), Fort LeBoeuf ( at Waterford between Lake Erie and French Creek), Venango ( Franklin) Forks of the Ohio ( where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers form the Ohio). This was considered the ideal place for the the capital city of New France.


Dec 11 1753
Dec. 11, 1753 earliest settlers. He operated a trading post in the area (near the Monongahela River by what we know as the Edgar Thompson Plant) and met George Washington while Washington was on a surveying trip

Major George Washington with Christopher Gist (a guide) and Abraham Jacob Van Braam (an interpreter) and several woodsman and Indians present letter from Dinwiddie to French Commander of Fort Leboeuf (St. Pierre).

Letter expressed astonishment French built on Great Britain property and demanded that they leave


Washington Born the earliest settlers. He operated a trading post in the area (near the Monongahela River by what we know as the Edgar Thompson Plant) and met George Washington while Washington was on a surveying trip

eldest son of Augustine Washington and his second wife

Mary Ball Washington, in Va., on Feb. 22, 1732

George spent his early years on the family estate on Pope'Creek along the Potomac River. Although Washington had little or no formal schooling, his early notebooks indicate that he read in geography, military history, agriculture, deportment and composition. He showed an aptitude for surveying and simple mathematics.His father died in 1743, and soon thereafter George went to live with his half brother Lawrence at Mount Vernon Lawrence became something of a substitute father for his brother. Upon the death of Lawrence in 1752, George inherited the Mount Vernon estate


St pierre said he would forward his letter to the marquis de duquesne
St. Pierre said he would forward his letter to the Marquis de Duquesne

  • On hiss return Washington twice escapes death ( Gist saves him)

    • Indian

      - Crossing the Allegheny


Gist de Duquesne


Washington recommends to dinwiddie to build a fort at the forks of the ohio
Washington recommends to Dinwiddie to build a fort at the “forks of the Ohio”

  • 1200 men from PA

  • 400 men from NC

  • 2 companies from NY

  • 1 company from SC

  • Recruits from Va

  • Capt William Trent ( 2nd in command) and Joshua Fry (1st in command) began the fort then left to join Washington.

  • Left Ensign Wood in command with 6 troops under his command


April 17th 1754 ward surprised by 1000 frenchmen
April 17th 1754 “forks of the Ohio” Ward surprised by 1000 Frenchmen

  • They built a larger, better fort called Fort Duquesne named after the governor of Canada

  • Washington’s detachment of ragged recruits 140 miles away at Will’s creek. No tents, scarcely armed


Washington ordered to advance but had to cut the road for the wagons and cannons( forest dense , mountain range, streams etc.

  • Reach “Great Meadows” 150 men by the end of May

  • While encamped there, Half King tells Washington French on their way to attack him.

  • Fight ensued Coulon de Jumonville the Commander was killed. All French taken Prisoner or Killed ( except one Canadian) l Beginning of the French and Indian War (7 years war)


Washington advance 12 miles past the laurel ridge strong french reinforcement on the way
Washington advance 12 miles past the Laurel Ridge, strong French reinforcement on the way

  • French Leader Capt. Louis Coulon de Villiers. (1/2 brother of Jumonville).

  • Had 1 day to strengthen fortification at Great Meadows ( Fort Necessity)


Fighting began at 11am and lasted 9 hours
Fighting began at 11AM and lasted 9 hours French reinforcement on the way

  • French contacted Washington twice offering terms for his surrender. 2 French interpreters 1 wounded the Capt. Van Braam. Rain, weak, bad interpreter, Washington young.

  • Articles signed by Midnight. Bad translation Washington signs so the English can leave, Van Braam and Major Stobe kept as prisoners. (Didn’t know he signed a statement saying he assassinated Jumonville).


Washington sick carried back over the allegheny mountains this occurred july 4 1754
Washington sick, carried back over the Allegheny Mountains French reinforcement on the wayThis occurred July 4, 1754


Note Major Stobe escaped found Wolfe who was fighting the French in Quebec. His help will guide Wolfe’s troops to victory.

“Strange that one prisoner in a far distance province, in a skirmish that began the war, should guide Wolfe to Victory at Quebec which virtually closed the War in America.”


ad