The Spring Festival. The Spring Festival. The Most Important Holiday in China. The Timing of the Holiday.
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The Most Important Holiday
The Spring Festival, also known as the Chinese New Year is on the 1st day of the 1st lunar month. The date for this annual celebration is determined by the lunar calendar rather than the Gregorian calendar, so the timing of the holiday varies from late January to early February.
To the ordinary Chinese, the festival actually begins on the eve of the lunar New Year's Day and ends on the fifth day of the first month of the lunar calendar. But the 15th of the first month, which normally is called the Lantern Festival, means the official end of the Spring Festival in many parts of the country.
Do the Spring Cleaning
Paste red couplets
Let off firecrackers
Light candles or lamps
Put on new clothes
Family Get together and have Family Reunion Dinneron the New Year eve
Make and eat dumplings
Visit friends and relatives and Express best wishes to each other
Give or receiver red envelopes
Watch Spring Festival Special TV Programs
Order or have areunion dinner of the New year eve in a restaurant
Have a travel
(or other raised food)
Dumpling （JIAOZI）The Symbolic Meaning of JIAOZI
1. In China, the most traditional and popular Spring Festival food is dumpling, which looks like the moon with vegetables and meat mixed in it. The Chinese name of dumpling is “JIAO ZI”, ”JIAO” means ”cross”, ”ZI” is Chinese traditional time represents “24:00”, so the Chinese word “JIAO ZI”(交子) means “cross 24:00”, just the dividing point of last year and next year. So when it comes to 24:00, every family begins eating dumplings.
2. Chinese Dumplings look like silver ingots. Legend has it that the more dumplings you eat during New Year celebration, the more money you can make in the New Year. they symbolize money and great fortune.
A timely snow promises a good harvest.
Joy puts heart into a man.
Safe and sound all year round.
Money and treasures will be plentiful
turn ill luck into good
春节 The Spring Festival 农历 lunar calendar 正月 lunar January; the first month by lunar calendar 除夕 New Year's Eve; eve of lunar New Year 初一 the beginning of New Year 元宵节 The Lantern Festival 过年 Guo-nian; have the Spring Festival 对联 poetic couplet: two successive rhyming lines in poetry 春联 Spring Festival couplets 剪纸 paper-cuts 年画 New Year paintings 买年货 special purchases for the Spring Festival ; do Spring Festival shopping
敬酒 propose a toast 灯笼 lantern: a portable light 烟花 fireworks 爆竹 firecrackers 红包 red packets 舞狮 lion dance 舞龙 dragon dance (to expect good weather and good harvests) 戏曲 traditional opera 杂耍 variety show; vaudeville 灯谜 riddles written on lanterns 灯会 exhibit of lanterns 守岁 staying-up 拜年 pay New Year's call; give New Year's greetings去晦气 get rid of the ill- fortune 祭祖宗 offer sacrifices to one's ancestors 压岁钱 gift money; money given to children as a lunar New Year gift 辞旧岁 bid farewell to the old year 扫房 spring cleaning; general house-cleaning