The role of immigration in the growth of religions in australia
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The Role of Immigration in the growth of religions In Australia. Religious Expression in Australia: 1945 - Present. In The Beginning…. Australia has been almost wholly Christian up until the 1970s . Because of this, Australian culture has deep Christian roots.

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The role of immigration in the growth of religions in australia
The Role of Immigration in the growth of religions In Australia

Religious Expression in Australia: 1945 - Present


In the beginning
In The Beginning… Australia

  • Australia has been almost wholly Christian up until the 1970s. Because of this, Australian culture has deep Christian roots.

  • The legal system is based around Christian values and ethics.

  • The White Australia Policy prevented non-Christian cultures from migrating to Australia.


Historic immigration by religion
Historic Immigration by Religion Australia

1945 - 1960 – European Christians

1990 – Present – East European Christians

1970s – Middle Eastern Muslims

1980s – Balkan Christians

1970s – S.E. Asian Christians

1980s – Philippine Christians

1990 - Present – North African and Middle Eastern Muslims

1990 - Present – Indian Hindus

1980s – S.E. Asian Buddhists

1990 - Present – Asian Buddhists

1980s – Middle Eastern Muslims

Christian

Islam

Buddhist

Hindu


Chart i change in religious expression
Chart I - Change in Religious AustraliaExpression

The religious landscape is becoming more diverse – non-Christian groups are increasing exponentially whilst Christian groups steadily decline.


Chart ii religion growth relative to population growth
Chart II - Religion Growth Relative to Population AustraliaGrowth

Relative to the steady population growth, Christianity is on the decline, making way for the growth of minorities.


Chart iii long short term migrants by religion
Chart III - Long/Short Term Migrants by AustraliaReligion

Recent immigrants are predominantly non-Christian – migration is beginning to appeal more to Eastern countries.


Chart iv major non christian growth by denomination
Chart IV - Major non-Christian Growth by AustraliaDenomination

Note: Each of these religions have grown substantially – this is a relative comparison.


Cultural impacts
Cultural Impacts Australia

  • Islamic communities are concentrated in major cities. These people are predominantly of middle-eastern descent.

  • Racial tension is present between these groups and Anglo-Australian communities.

  • International and local acts of violence including 9/11 and “race rapes” contribute to this.

  • To combat anti-religious beliefs in Australia, interfaith dialogue has been established to clear misunderstandings between the different cultures.


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