Pesticide use in Tomato IPM
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Pesticide use in Tomato IPM. Natural enemies are an extremely important component of integrated pest management of tomato insects and mites . Insecticides are useful component of IPM programs because of their convenience, simplicity, effectiveness, flexibility and economy.

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Pesticide use in Tomato IPM

  • Natural enemies are an extremely important component of integrated pest management of tomato insects and mites.

  • Insecticides are useful component of IPM programs because of their convenience, simplicity, effectiveness, flexibility and economy.

  • Using selective insecticides to kill the target pest without killing natural enemies helps maximize as well as integrate chemical and biological controls.

  • Nonselective insecticides, can be made more selective by careful application rates, timings and coverage to minimize killing natural enemies.

  • Products that have a short residual effect on natural enemies are favored for IPM programs. Consider both the short-term and long-term effects of an application when selecting an insecticide treatment.

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  • Nursery preparation

  • Before sowing, the nursery beds should be drenched with 0.2% Dithane M-45 or treated with Difolaton or captan

  • Treat nursery belt with carbofuran 3G 100g/sq m for nematode management

  • Seed Treatment

  • Treating the seeds with Thiram @ 3g per kg of seeds will prevent the seed born fungal diseases

  • During summer and rainy season, there is a very heavy incidence of damping off. To protect seeds and seedlings, the beds should be treated with 10% formaldehyde.

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  • Seedling treatment

  • Before transplanting, seedlings should be treated with insecticides 0.1% nuvacron and Dithane M-45 0.2%

  • Hardening is done by adding 4000ppm sodium chloride or spraying 2000ppm ccc is effective for hardening of seedlings

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  • Application of bleaching powder @15kg/ha before planting against bacterial wilt infection in endemic areas

  • Spray 40-100ppm streptocycline sulphate on unripe fruits of tomato to control bacterial spot or dipping the seedlings 100 ppm streptocycline sulphate before transplanting.

  • Imidacloprid 17.8 SL @25g ai/ha or thiamethoxam 25 [email protected] 25g ai/ha or acetamiprid 20 [email protected] 20g ai/ha can be used for managing sucking insect pests such as aphids, jassids, leaf hopper and whitefly.

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Insecticides and their recommended dosage for different insect pest of tomato

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End insect pest of tomato

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Summary insect pest of tomato

  • Natural enemies are an extremely important component of integrated pest management of tomato insects and mites.

  • Insecticides are useful component of IPM programs because of their convenience, simplicity, effectiveness, flexibility and economy.

  • Using selective insecticides to kill the target pest without killing natural enemies helps maximize as well as integrate chemical and biological controls.

  • Nonselective insecticides, can be made more selective by careful application rates, timings and coverage to minimize killing natural enemies.

  • Products that have a short residual effect on natural enemies are favored for IPM programs. Consider both the short-term and long-term effects of an application when selecting an insecticide treatment.

  • Before sowing, the nursery beds should be drenched with 0.2% Dithane M-45 or treated with Difolaton or captan

  • Treat nursery belt with carbofuran 3G 100g/sq m for nematode management

  • Treating the seeds with Thiram @ 3g per kg of seeds will prevent the seed born fungal diseases

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