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Rhyme Scheme. Rhyme scheme is the pattern of END RHYME in a poem. How to determine rhyme scheme:. Underline the LAST WORD ONLY in each line of the poem: . MY PAPA’S WALTZ The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy.

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Rhyme scheme

Rhyme Scheme

Rhyme scheme is the pattern of END RHYME in a poem.


How to determine rhyme scheme
How to determine rhyme scheme:

  • Underline the LAST WORD ONLY in each line of the poem:

MY PAPA’S WALTZ

The whiskey on your breath

Could make a small boy dizzy;

But I hung on like death:

Such waltzing was not easy.

We romped until the pans

Slid from the kitchen shelf;

My mother's countenance

Could not unfrownitself.

The hand that held my wrist

Was battered on one knuckle;

At every step you missed

My right ear scraped a buckle.

You beat time on my head

With a palm caked hard by dirt,

Then waltzed me off to bed

Still clinging to your shirt.


Beginning with line one 1 you will label each line with a lower case letter
Beginning with line one (1), you will label each line with a lower-case letter.

  • Label the first line with the letter “a”. Every underlined word that rhymes with that line should also be labeled with the letter “a”.

  • Move to the next UNLABELED line. That line becomes “b”. Every underlined word that rhymes with that line is also labeled “b”

MY PAPA’S WALTZ

The whiskey on your breath a

Could make a small boy dizzy; b

But I hung on like death: a

Such waltzing was not easy. b


Continue with this process until you have labeled all of the end rhyme in the lines
Continue with this process until you have labeled ALL of the end rhyme in the lines:

MY PAPA’S WALTZ

The whiskey on your breath a

Could make a small boy dizzy; b

But I hung on like death: a

Such waltzing was not easy. b

We romped until the pans c

Slid from the kitchen shelf; d

My mother's countenance c

Could not unfrownitself. d

The hand that held my wrist e

Was battered on one knuckle; f

At every step you missed e

My right ear scraped a buckle. f

You beat time on my head g

With a palm caked hard by dirt, h

Then waltzed me off to bed g

Still clinging to your shirt. h



Repetition
Repetition an “x” at the back of those lines.

  • Sometimes, an ENTIRE line will repeat throughout the poem. In this case, you follow the same rules, but…

    • You turn the lower-case letter into an upper-case.

    • You label it with a special number called a “superscript.”


First determine rhyme scheme
First, determine rhyme scheme: an “x” at the back of those lines.

My house is warm, a

My love is strong b

I’ll survive the storm. a

My house is warm, a

The night is long; b

I’ll survive the storm. a


Second identify the repeating lines and number each one in order
Second, identify the repeating lines and number each one in order:

My house is warm, First line that repeats = A¹

My love is strong b

I’ll survive the storm. Second line that repeats = A²

My house is warm, First line that repeats = A¹

The night is long; b

I’ll survive the storm. Second line that repeats = A²


This is what it should look like
This is what it should look like: order:

My house is warm, A¹

My love is strong b

I’ll survive the storm. A²

My house is warm, A¹

The night is long; b

I’ll survive the storm. A²


If another letter repeats the number starts over at 1 see the example
If another letter repeats, the number starts over at “1”. See the example:

My house is warm, A¹

My love is strong B¹

I’ll survive the storm. A²

Through pounding rain,c

My love is strong; B¹

I’ll survive the pain. c

My house is warm, A¹

The night is long; b

I’ll survive the storm. A²


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