FAO as a Knowledge Organization - Leveraging on Partnerships to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricu...
Download
1 / 36

Gauri Salokhe, Stephen Katz Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 124 Views
  • Uploaded on

FAO as a Knowledge Organization - Leveraging on Partnerships to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain. Gauri Salokhe, Stephen Katz Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division [email protected] , [email protected] What is Knowledge Management?.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Gauri Salokhe, Stephen Katz Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division' - raiden


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

FAO as a Knowledge Organization - Leveraging on Partnerships to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

Gauri Salokhe, Stephen Katz

Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division

[email protected], [email protected]


What is knowledge management
What is Knowledge Management? to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • A catchy/trendy modern term, but is elusive as a concept!

  • Everyone has an intuitive sense of what it is about, but there is no universal definition. Entire books are written about it!


What is knowledge management1
What is Knowledge Management? to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

From “Learning to Fly”, Chris Collison and Geoff Parcell, Capstone Publishing:

  • It is about capturing, creating, distilling, sharing and using know-how. That know-how includes explicit and tacit knowledge. Know-how is used as shorthand for know-how, know-what, know-who, know-why and know-when.

  • It’s ... about the communities that keep know-how of a topic alive by sharing what they know, building on it and adapting it to their own use.

  • It is not snapshot of what is known at a single point in time, but an evolving set of know-how kept current by people who regularly use it.”


What is knowledge management2
What is Knowledge Management? to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • A complex set of functions involving processes, people and technology interacting together.

  • Not about doing something new but doing things in some new ways.

  • Partially about information technology and tools but mostly about process and empowerment of people


What is knowledge management3
What is Knowledge Management? to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • In summary, KM is about:

    • connecting people together to create, share and exploit knowledge more effectively

    • connecting people to the information they need to develop and apply their knowledge in new ways

    • connecting people to the tools they need to process information and knowledge


Pulp fiction vis vis km
Pulp Fiction vis-à-vis KM to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • Non-Linear, Out-of-Sequence

    • How, where and when do you start?

    • Requires a different mind-set (If-then-else/loop-until structures don’t apply!)

  • Unconventional Approach

    • Top-down or bottom-up? Maybe both?


Knowledge management
Knowledge Management... to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • Can appear at times to be a mechanism for like-minded people to come and “hug trees” together.

  • Perhaps too much “hype” associated with it

  • What’s the fuss all about anyway? FAO has been doing knowledge management for over 60 years.

  • Why does FAO need to do Knowledge Management?

  • It’s just more work on top of the too many things I already have to do

  • And if you want to be cynical: Is KM really the right terminology? Is knowledge really something you can manage, or is it something you share, adapt and apply on a case by case basis?


What is fao
What is FAO? to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

With KM concepts now crystal clear, a brief note about FAO:

  • FAO is a specialized agency of the United Nations with its own independent governance

  • 190+ Member Countries

  • 2008-2009 core budget of US$ 868 million and almost an equal amount of external funding

  • HQs in Rome, Offices in over 80 countries

  • Around 4000 staff World-Wide


Knowledge exchange capacity building main areas of work
Knowledge Exchange & Capacity Building Main Areas of Work to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • Support to the FAO web-site (http://www.fao.org)

  • Knowledge Management Services (http://www.fao.org/KnowledgeForum/)

  • WAICENT - World Agricultural Information Centre Portal (http://www.fao.org/waicent)

  • Electronic Publishing – all FAO Publications on-line

  • Standards for Information Management - AGROVOC Thesaurus, AGRIS Classification and metadata exchange schemes

  • Field Programmes

  • Capacity Building and E-Learning

  • Library Services

in ENGLISH, FRENCH, SPANISH, ARABIC, CHINESE... and now since 2008 also RUSSIAN!


... in Theory to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

Community

Directory

Systems (CDS)

Portal Search/Dissemination Interface

Portal Architecture Diagram

Standardisation in Information

Collection and Dissemination

WAICENT

Resource

Finder

AGROVOC

Country

Profiles

Subject

Categories

CoreMetadata

Core Metadata

Core Metadata

DTD

Web+Information

Finder Applications

Doc. Retrieval

Applications

Map Retrieval

Systems

FAOSTAT

Web Pages

FAO-On-line

AGROVOC

Maps

GEOWEB

Database

Search

Engines

KIMS

Specialised

Applications

INPHO

Web Pages

COAIM

Workshops

Photos

Subject

Categories

Metadata

Metadata

Metadata

DTD

Directories

Information

Systems

Bibliography

Databases

Document

Repository

GIS+Graphics

Data

Collection

Sheets

Input

Sheets

Documents

Templates

Databases

Databases

Project

Expert

Databases

Organizations

DTD

Work-Flow Systems

AGROVOC

Subject

Categories

DTD


In practice
... in Practice to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain


Independent external evaluation
Independent External Evaluation to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • Released in October 2007 after two years of work

  • A team of International experts, core team of 6

  • Divided into 4 areas:

    • Technical Work

    • Management and Administration (KM was here)

    • Governance

    • FAO’s Role Externally

  • Report: More than 400 pages, 109 recommendations

  • Available from the FAO Home Page: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/meeting/012/k0827e02.pdf


Independent external evaluation key messages
Independent External Evaluation Key Messages to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • 2) FAO is in a serious crisis which imperils its future

  • 3) If FAO was to disappear tomorrow, much of it would need to be reinvented

  • 8) As a knowledge organization, FAO should support Members in ensuring that needs are fully met – not necessarily to undertake each task itself. It must ensure that the world’s knowledge of food and agriculture is available to those who need it when they need it and in a form which they can access and use


Back to the beginning
Back to the Beginning.. to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

Back to the Beginning..


Why is km important
Why is KM Important to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • Information/data without applied knowledge (i.e. analysis, interpretation, adaptation within context) cannot resolve problems on their own

  • Most of an organization’s knowledge assets are located within the heads of people. That is, the so called “tacit knowledge”

    • Do’s and Don’ts are “tacit knowledge assets” not readily available

  • Many international institutions have adopted knowledge management approaches as a corporate strategy (e.g. The World Bank and UNDP)

    • Those who are not equipped to be part of the emerging global knowledge society will be left behind.

  • FAO currently is not entirely a “knowledge organization” but an organization with a lot of knowledge


Fao as a knowledge organization model
FAO as a Knowledge Organization - Model to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain


Towards a km strategy
Towards a KM Strategy to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • Main Issues are divided into four categories:

    • Staff and technical expertise (Internal)

    • Member States and Partnerships (External)

    • Organizational structure and culture

    • Technology and Infrastructure


Issues and recommendations members partnerships external
Issues and Recommendations to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain Members & Partnerships (External)

Issues:

  • FAO is quite internally focused but itself produces only a fraction of the knowledge required for addressing the world problems in poverty and hunger. There is an increasing need to work in partnerships and networks.

  • FAO nevertheless needs to know where appropriate and authoritative knowledge is to be found and how it can be accessed.

  • FAO and its partners are both suppliers and consumers of knowledge.


Issues and recommendations members partnerships external1
Issues and Recommendations to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain Members & Partnerships (External)

Recommendation:Foster strategic partnerships and networking to facilitate KS

To do this, there is a need for:

  • FAO to become more of a facilitator and concentrate its actions as a doer in its areas of comparative strength.

  • FAO to help ensure that the world’s knowledge of food and agriculture is available to those who need it when they need it and in a form which they can access and use.

  • Strong partnerships need to be established with partner UN organizations, Non-Governmental Organizations, Universities, Governments and private organizations to assure knowledge sharing and collaboration.


Examples of possible collaboration areas

Examples of possible collaboration areas to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain


First steps towards km
First Steps towards KM to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain


Opportunities for collaboration
Opportunities for Collaboration to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • A coordinated network of Question and Answer Services at national and regional levels

  • Common metadata sets for sharing Q and A using technologies such as RSS or XML

  • Direct linking to specialized Q and A services


Opportunities for collaboration1
Opportunities for Collaboration to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • Learn from the each other’s experience, both successes and failures.

  • Create and share “Good” Practices which:

    • have been adopted successfully in more than one region

    • are interdisciplinary in nature, reflecting the complex nature of the problems addressed.


Opportunities for collaboration2
Opportunities for Collaboration to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • Create a network of partners/specialists to share and support resolve issues

  • Ensure:

    • Demand-driven

    • Support and sponsorship from management

    • Ensure proper membership (mix of experts)

    • Continuous facilitation

    • Flexible approach (i.e. tools, size, timeframe)

    • Recognition to staff time dedicated to this activity


http://aglr.aua.gr to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain


Objective
Objective to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • developing – adapting – repurposing learning resources on topics related to agricultural and rural development worldwide

    • LORs with reusable learning resources and interoperable metadata

    • LORs with open standards and technologies

    • global federations of LORs


Participating organizations
Participating Organizations to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain


  • established February 2008 to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • >110 members - 26 countries and 16 organizations

  • 75 in organizations with digital LOR

  • Working with European Expert group mapping metadata APs (European Committee for Standardization)

  • e-Conference on agricultural LORs - May 2008

  • Workshop on Learning Technology Standards - Sept 2008


Organic Agriculture ( to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain OA) & Agroecology (AE)

Co-funded by the European Commission

eContentplus programme


Agrifeeds
AgriFeeds to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain


News latest developments
News / Latest Developments to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain


Events related to agriculture
Events related to Agriculture to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain


Usain and fao
USAIN and FAO to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

  • Inform and involve Subject Specialists from the United States into Thematic Knowledge Networks

  • Increase involvement into the “Coherence for Information in Agricultural Research and Development (CIARD)” initiative

    • Work together on information sharing standard, development of tools, capacity building materials

  • Get Resources from American agricultural research into AGRIS

    • FAO’s multilingual resources are available for reuse

  • Collaboration between FAO and USAIN in projects in developing countries and to share experiences

    • New Interest Group?

  • Regular exchange of information through F2F events


Thank you

Thank you! to Promote Knowledge Exchange in Agricultural Domain

[email protected]


ad