Learning & Remembering. Principles for Remembering. It is very important that you have an interest in what you learn. Pay attention or you won ’ t learn anything! Organize the information. Practice what you have learned & organized. Memory Aids/Methods.
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There are many types of memory aids/
methods that help you remember things, e.g.:
However, some are effective and some are
not so effective.
Inductive, concept attainment method
Method of Loci
Tutoring & lecturingEffective Less Effective
The following slides introduces some
mnemonics for enhancing remembering.
Select one word to represent a longer
thought or several subordinate thoughts.
Word to learn: persuade
to learn keyword
A woman is being persuaded to buy a purse.
This example relies both on rhyme or sound & imagery
Spanish word to learn:
pencil (meaning of lapiz)
Spanish word patio (pronounced pot-o) meaning duck
& it means father.
father by using the
to the corresponding of the object.
4. Give it a meaning (use picture).
Good for remembering events in a particular
P – pegword
O – organizational scheme
L – loci
K – keyword
A – acronym
My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto
Biological groupings used in taxonomy
King Phillip called out fifty good soldiers.
i h l r a e p
n y a d m n e
g l s e i u c
d u s r l s i
o m y e
Make a rhyme to remember informtaion. E.g.
rule of substitution
rule of exaggeration
e.g. “The king led the elves through the driving rain storm.” – form in your mind the actions and the scene of the sentence.
Other than mnemonics, there are memory strategies that are useful for remembering.
The slides below differentiate the strategies into 2 categories:
~ construct meaningful paraphrases of important ideas
~ integrate new & old information in personally meaningful way
Who is the main character?
Where and when did the story take place?
What did the main characters do?
How did the story end?
How did the main character feel?
understand or remember.
“How does this information relate to what the author discusses in the preceding section?”
“How can this be applied in a school setting?”
girl heart robin purple finger flute blue organ man hawk green lung eagle child piano
green man piano heart eagle
blue girl flute lung hawk
purple child organ finger robin
~ Diagram concepts
~ Identify important concepts & specify their interrelationship
~ You may print this concept map on learning and remembering to help you understand more about this topic.
Less Effective Techniques are those that rely on
simple rehearsal of material.
More Effective Techniques are those that require:
~ extensive recoding, and
~ relating of new content to other knowledge.