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Parenting the Net Generation. Western Psychological Association Convention April 12, 2008 Larry Rosen, Ph.D CSU Dominguez Hills. Welcome to the “Media” Generation According to the Kaiser Family Foundation 2005 National Study.  Children Spend 6 Hours and 21 Minutes

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Parenting the Net Generation

Western Psychological Association Convention

April 12, 2008

Larry Rosen, Ph.D

CSU Dominguez Hills


Welcome to the “Media” Generation

According to the Kaiser Family Foundation 2005 National Study

Children Spend 6 Hours and 21 Minutes

PER DAY using digital media or 44

hours PER WEEK

Accounting for Multitasking, this

increases to 8 Hours 33 Minutes PER

DAY or 60 HOURS PER WEEK


WHAT ARE THEY DOING WITH THEIR MEDIA?

Here are data from my 2007 study




Number of Tasks at the Same Time When Have Free Time

Online

Use Computer

E-Mail

IM/Chat

Talk on Phone

Text Message

Video Games

Listen Music

Watch TV

Eat

Read

Talking f2f

Eating

Online

Music

TV

E-Mail

Music

Eating

Online

IM/Chat

Phone

Online

Eating

Music

Texting

E-Mail

Music

Eating

Online

TV

Phone

Eating

TV

Music

Phone

F2F

N=135 N=208 N=335 N=329 N=312

AGE GROUP


One of their favorite online activities is spending time on MySpace, Facebook, or other social networking websites


What’s so Special About MySpace? MySpace, Facebook, or other social networking websites

  • Fastest Growing Website in History

  • More Traffic than ANY Other Website

  • 110 MILLION Unique Visitors a Month

  • 5th Largest Country in the World

  • 80% of 12- to 17-year-olds use MySpace

  • Weekly!


What Do They Do on MySpace? MySpace, Facebook, or other social networking websites

  • Collect “Friends”

  • Provide Personal Information

  • Display Photos

  • Play Music

  • Create Blogs

  • Get Public Comments from “friends”

  • IM/Chat with “Friends”


FOR MANY PRE-TEENS, TEENS, AND YOUNG ADULTS MySpace, Facebook, or other social networking websites

MYSPACE IS THEIR SOCIAL LIFE


How are Net Geners Unique? MySpace, Facebook, or other social networking websites

  • They were born into a world replete with

  • technology

  • MySpace is all-consuming

  • The MySpace profile is central to their social

  • lives

  • They use MySpace for making friends

  • They use MySpace for trying on different

  • identities

  • PARENTING IS MORE DIFFICULT NOW THAN IN ANY PREVIOUS GENERATION


We live in world where rapid change is the norm. For many, it is stressful. For Net Geners, it is the only way they know how to life their lives.


The Pace of Technology Change is Dizzying it is stressful. For Net Geners, it is the only way they know how to life their lives.

Years to Reach 50 Million Users

What’s Next?


We are in the Midst of Three Vastly Different Generations That Differ on Personal and Work Values

Baby Boomers (born 1946-1964)

Generation X (born 1965-1979)

Net Generation (born after 1979)


To better understand how to parent a Net Gener, it is important to focus on the differences between these children, teens, and young adults and their Gen X and Baby Boomer parents in terms of their personal and work values.


WORK VALUES: Baby Boomers important to focus on the differences between these children, teens, and young adults and their Gen X and Baby Boomer parents in terms of their personal and work values.

Single Lifetime Job

Fiercely Loyal to Company

Work is Life/Personally Fulfilling

Avoid Making Waves

Everyone has a Voice – Boss Sets the Rules

Team Player – Loves Meetings


WORK VALUES: Baby Boomers important to focus on the differences between these children, teens, and young adults and their Gen X and Baby Boomer parents in terms of their personal and work values.

(continued)

Routines are Important

Process vs. Product

Face-to-Face or Telephone Communication

Learned Technology After School

Motivated by Being “Valued”


WORK VALUES: Generation X important to focus on the differences between these children, teens, and young adults and their Gen X and Baby Boomer parents in terms of their personal and work values.

Multiple Jobs to Find a “Career”

Work to Have More Fun in Life

Self-Reliant: Set Own Time Plan

Challenge Authority: Ask Why

Motivated by Rewards at the End of Every Project


WORK VALUES: Generation X important to focus on the differences between these children, teens, and young adults and their Gen X and Baby Boomer parents in terms of their personal and work values.

(continued)

Grew Up With Technology

Prefer Cell Phone or E-Mail Communication

Want Immediate Access to Bosses

Good Multitaskers

Product vs. Process: They Hate Meetings


WORK VALUES: Net Generation important to focus on the differences between these children, teens, and young adults and their Gen X and Baby Boomer parents in terms of their personal and work values.

Build a Career Through Skill Acquisition

Balance Between Life and Work

Goal Oriented But Collegiality Important

Want Meaningful Work – Not Boredom

Motivated by Working with Bright/Creative People and Learning New Skills


WORK VALUES: Net Generation important to focus on the differences between these children, teens, and young adults and their Gen X and Baby Boomer parents in terms of their personal and work values.

(continued)

Need Constant, Instantaneous Feedback

Communicate via IM, Chat, Texting

Grew Up With Everything Technological

Multitaskers to the Nth Degree


PERSONAL VALUES important to focus on the differences between these children, teens, and young adults and their Gen X and Baby Boomer parents in terms of their personal and work values.

Baby Boomers

Optimistic and Self-Confident

Beginnings of Fractured Family Structure

Politically Active

Buy Now, Pay Later


PERSONAL VALUES important to focus on the differences between these children, teens, and young adults and their Gen X and Baby Boomer parents in terms of their personal and work values.

Generation X

Skeptical and Low Trust of Authority

Latchkey Kids

Political Apathy

Monetarily Conservative: Save Save Save


PERSONAL VALUES important to focus on the differences between these children, teens, and young adults and their Gen X and Baby Boomer parents in terms of their personal and work values.

Net Generation

Realistic World View – Trust Authority

Blended Families – Strong Family Bonds

Political and Community Action

Earn to Spend


Clearly these three generations are different on many dimensions. These differences become issues to consider when parenting children, teens, and young adults


HOW DO TECHNOLOGY USE AND PARENTING STYLE IMPACT PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

My Recent Research With Parents, Pre-Teens, Teens, and Young Adults Answers Some of These Questions


  • FIVE STUDIES PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

    • Study 1: February 2006

    • N = 1,257 MySpacers; 241 Teenagers

    • Study 2: June 2006

      N = 267 Parent-Teen Pairs

    • Study 3: September 2006

      N = 342 Parent-Teen Pairs

    • Study 4: March 2007

      N = 482 Parent-Teen Pairs

    • Study 5: September 2007

      N = 1,319 Pre-Teens, Teens, and Adults


Kids PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

Parents

MySpace Behaviors

MySpace Experiences

MySpace Attitudes

Parent-Teen Attachment

Parent-Teen Intimacy

Self-Esteem

Internet Addiction

Depression

Online/Offline Honesty

Online/Offline Shyness

Online Social Confidence

Parenting Style

Computer Location

Parent Awareness of Online

Behavior

Limits on Media Use

(Internet, MySpace,

Video Games, etc.)

Parent Concerns

(Sexual Solicitation,

Cyberbullying,

Pornography, etc.)


  • PARENTING STYLE PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

  • Two Dimensions

    • Control/Demandingness/Strictness/Supervision

    • “My parents know exactly where I am most

    • afternoons after school”

    • Warmth/Responsiveness/Parental Involvement

    • “I can count on my parent to help me out if I

    • have some kind of problem.”


AUTHORITATIVE PARENTING PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

INDULGENT PARENTING

AUTHORITARIAN PARENTING

NEGLECTFUL PARENTING


Parenting Styles PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?


April 7, 2008 PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

Study Ties Bedroom TV to Unhealthy Habits in Teens

Teens With TVs in Rooms Have Lower Grades, Poorer Diets


CONCLUSIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

Parenting style impacts the online behaviors, psychological health, and attitudes of children, teens, and young adults.


IMPLICATIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

Overall, Authoritative parenting setting clear limits with warmth, caring, and teen input

positively impacts all aspects of teen interactions with MySpace.


RECOMMENDATIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

Develop an Authoritative Parenting Style

  • Do set rules and limits on technology use and

  • behavior

  • Do ask your children for their thoughts and

  • ideas about these rules and limits

  • Set consequences for violations


RECOMMENDATIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

“Proactive vs. Reactive Parenting”

  • Have Discussions in Advance

  • Set Consequences in Advance

  • When Something “New” Pops up Use

  • Reactive Parenting


THE PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?T.A.L.K.

MODEL OF PARENTING

  • Trust

  • Assess

  • Learn

  • “K”ommunicate


TRUST PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

  • No Clandestine Eavesdropping

  • No Technological Filters

  • Discuss, Don’t Remove/Punish


ASSESS PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

  • Pay Attention to Technology Use

  • Consider Technology Location

  • Practice Co-Viewing

  • Establish a Habit of Overt Observation

  • Visit Their MySpace – Often – and Pay

  • Attention to Their “Friends”


LEARN PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

  • Gain Knowledge

  • Learn From Your Children

  • Create Your Own MySpace/Facebook Page

  • Try ALL Their Technologies. Ask Them to

  • Show You How to Use Them (IM, text, video

  • games, YouTube, and Whatever is the Next

  • Big Rage)


“K”ommunicate PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

  • Have Proactive Family Discussions – Often

  • but Short

  • Create More “Face Time” Through Family

  • Dinners or Evening Games/TV Watching

  • Use Any Opportunity to Communicate –

  • Don’t Let Kids Escape Through Technology


PRACTICE GOOD BEHAVIORAL PARENTING PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

  • Punish only when needed and practice “Least

  • Restrictive Alternatives”

  • Catch Them Being Good

  • Model Appropriate Behavior (TV, phone)

  • Monitor Sleep Habits & Caffeine Consumption

  • Control Impulse to Yank the Plug


Using Net Gen Language: PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH?

Thk u vry mch 4 ur time.

NE q’s 4 me?


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