AFRICA’s UNENDING CONFLICTS. By MATESO L. Materne (ALYM) Feb 23-2013. Hundreds and thousands of people have been slaughtered from a number of conflicts and civil wars, and “there have been over 9 million refugees and internally displaced people from conflicts in Africa”. UNHCR.
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By MATESO L. Materne (ALYM)
Hundreds and thousands of people have been slaughtered from a number of conflicts and civil wars,
and “there have been over 9 million refugees and internally displaced people from conflicts in Africa”. UNHCR
Ask yourself a question : a number of conflicts and civil wars,
“ What If this scale of destruction and fighting was in Europe ? “
There are a number of reasons :
ANGOLA ( civil war )
Casualties: more than 500,000 killed and over 1 M internally displaced .
Duration :1975 -2002
Savimbi militarily trained in China
Found UNITA in 1966
Fought along MPLA for the independence of Angola
Savimbi 40 %
Dos santos 49 %.
José Eduardo dos Santos
General in FARDC
2004 : formed CNDP
cause : marginalization of his minority people and threat caused by FDLR
2009: arrested in Rwanda
and CNDP became a political party
2012 : M23 movement
Late 2012 : withdrawal following kampala meeting
Gen . Laurent NKUNDA
ranked the world’s deadliest conflict since World War II!!
Rape a number of conflicts and civil wars,
“DRC …When natural resources get to be a curse “
Francois BOZIZE .
2007-2008 post- presidential election crisis
Mwai KIBAKI (inc. president) vs
Raila ODINGA (opposition)
Death toll : more than a 1000 people
Displacement : More than 600,000 people
2008 Election crisis
( tech. since independence 1980 as PM )
White minority : < 1% of the country’s population .
Owned : 47% of the country’s arable land .
70% of the best farming land .
2000 : MUGABE distibuted the land to the black community
….thus the start of the so called international community sanctions .
Aftermath : the once prosperous agricultural industry suffered badly ….and the country went into a deep mess,
Hyper-inflation a number of conflicts and civil wars,
1st round results delayed for a month :
MUGABE 43 %
TSVANGIRAI 48 %
2nd round : MUGABE 83 %
TSVANGIRAI 9 % !
street protests bring gbagbo to power .
NOTHERN MALI conflicts
cause : president’s handling of the crisis in the north.
coup leader : Cap.Amadou SANOGO
Frm pres. Amadou TOURE
Consequences : (6 years ).
Foreign intervention (6 years ).
SOMALIA’s AL SHABAB (6 years ).
NIGERIA’s BOKO HARAM (6 years ).
“Since its founding in 2001, they have been responsible for between 3,000 to 10,000 deaths.” :wikipedia
THANKS…….. (6 years ).
There is still hope ….The Future is bright
References (6 years ). :