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Rhyme & Meter. Review. How many syllables does “dilemma” have? How many syllables do iambs & trochaics have? The word “infer” has what type of rhythm? How many syllables do anapestic & dactylic have? The word “happily” has what type of rhythm ?

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Review
Review

  • How many syllables does “dilemma” have?

  • How many syllables do iambs & trochaics have?

  • The word “infer” has what type of rhythm?

  • How many syllables do anapestic & dactylic have?

  • The word “happily” has what type of rhythm?

  • The beat of poetry (stressed & unstressed) is called?

  • The length of a line of poetry based on rhythm is called?

  • Meter is measured in units of 2 or 3 syllables called…?

  • If a line of poetry has 1 foot it is called?

  • If a line of poetry has 4 feet it is called?


More rhyme meter

More Rhyme & Meter


Shakespearean sonnets
Shakespearean sonnets

  • Contains 3 quatrains and a heroic couplet, all written in iambic pentameter.

  • 14 lines long

  • Rhyming pattern of the sonnets:

    • abab, cdcd, efef, gg

  • Iambic Pentameter: a meter of syllables (unstressed, stressed) containing 5 feet.

  • Heroic Couplet: last two lines of the sonnet that has 2 rhyming lines.


My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; ACoral is far more red than her lips' red; BIf snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; AIf hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. B

I have seen roses damasked, red and white, C

But no such roses see I in her cheeks; D

And in some perfumes is there more delight C

Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks. D

I love to hear her speak, yet well I know E

That music hath a far more pleasing sound; F

I grant I never saw a goddess go; E

My mistress when she walks treads on the ground. F

And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare GAs any she belied with false compare. G


Meter feet
Meter/feet

  • The rhythm of a poem is expressed in feet or syllables. The syllables are either stressed or unstressed. The pair (2) of syllables become a foot.

  • In iambic pentameter there are 5 feet (10 syllables)

  • The syllables are unstressed ( ) or stressed ( / )

  • The division of the feet is marked by the symbol ( ǀ )

  • It sounds like:

    / / / / /

    da DUM ǀ da DUM ǀ da DUM ǀ da DUM ǀ da DUM ǀ

ᵕᵕᵕᵕᵕ


My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; ACoral is far more red than her lips' red; BIf snowbe white, why thenher breasts are dun; AIf hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. B

I have seen roses damasked, red and white, C

But no such roses see I in her cheeks; D

And in some perfumes is there more delight C

Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks. D


I love to hear her speak, yet well I know E

That music hath a far more pleasing sound; F

I grant I never saw a goddess go; E

My mistress when she walks treads on the ground. F

And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare GAs any she belied with false compare. G


iambiciambic footpentameter heroic couplet quatrainiambic pentameter rhyming pattern Shakespearean sonnet

  • A __________ consists of 4 lines of verse in a poem.

  • __________ refers to the foot that is used in a rhyming pattern.

  • __________ = five

  • A pair of syllables containing unstressed/stressed syllables is an __________ .

  • Poems written in iambic pentameter are typically referred to as __________.

  • Typical of Shakespearean Sonnets, the last two lines are referred to as the __________ .

  • In a Shakespearean Sonnet the __________ is abab, cdcd, efef, gg

  • A meter used in poetry consisting of 5 feet in a line, or ten syllables is written in __________ .


More poetry concepts terms
More poetry concepts & terms


Eye rhymes
Eye Rhymes

  • When words look like thy should rhyme but in actuality do not.

  • Example:

    Stone & none

    Dove & move

    Bough & though

  • You can pronounce them so they rhyme even though they don’t in reality.

  • Open your books to page 162

    “Upon his Departure Hence”


Parallelism
Parallelism

  • Parallelism is the construction of 2 or more thoughts in the same pattern. 3 types of parallelism:

  • An idea is stated in the first line & restated in the 2nd

    For he hath founded it upon the seas,

    And established it upon the floods.

  • An idea is stated in the first line & contrasted in the 2nd

    Trust in the LORD with all your heart;

    And lean not unto your own understanding.

  • A thought is developed/expanded throughout the poem

    The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul:

    The testimony of the LORD is sure, making the wise simple.

    The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart:

    The commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.


Psalms in the bible
Psalms in the Bible

  • The Psalms were songs and poems originally written in Hebrew and had their own sound and style

  • Isaac Watts translated the Psalms of the Bible into English verse, giving them rhyme and meter.

  • He wrote most of the Psalms using the 3 most popular meters:

    • Common meter (a quatrain with a syllable pattern of 8686)

    • Short meter (a quatrain with a syllable pattern of 6686)

    • Long meter (a quatrain with a syllable pattern of 8888)


Psalms turn to page 166
PsalmsTurn to page 166


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