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STUDENT COLLABORATION. And the common core. Setting the stage…. What kinds of collaboration are currently using in your classroom? What are some of the roadblocks to collaboration you have experienced?. Why Collaboration?. Students retain:

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And the common core

STUDENT COLLABORATION

And the common core


Setting the stage
Setting the stage…

  • What kinds of collaboration are currently using in your classroom?

  • What are some of the roadblocks to collaboration you have experienced?


Why collaboration
Why Collaboration?

  • Students retain:

    • 20% of what they learn through visual and auditory means

    • 50% of what they learn through a demonstration or an exhibit

    • 70-90% of what they learn if they are giving a presentation, actively participating in a class discussion, actually doing the real thing, or teaching someone else


Why collaboration1
Why Collaboration?

Critical Thinking, Communication, Collaboration, Creativity



So why is it so hard to get students to work in a group effectively
So why is it so hard to get students to work in a group effectively?

Groups require

Clear Purpose and Procedures

Equitable Roles

Individual and Group Accountability

Facilitation by teacher


Effective Student Collaboration requires effectively?

  • Explicit Expectations

  • Positive Facilitation

  • Group and Individual Accountability


Effective Student Collaboration requires effectively?

Purposely establish groups. Determine if you want them heterogeneous or homogeneous, depending on your outcome. Vary the group size and duration to maintain novelty.

Require students to sit face-to-face with other group members. This will keep them focused.

Define roles within the group and have them practice with a less-taxing cognitive activity before asking them to do more demanding cognitive activities with the group.

Structure the task to promote interdependence for any group product. One student alone should not be able to do the entire project without collaboration of the other group members.

Provide directions for the task both orally and in written form. This will allow the group to review the requirements of the task if they have questions.

Provide a rubric for the product before the group gets started. This will provide a guide for the group.


Effective Student Collaboration requires effectively?

General Strategies for Handling Conflict in Classrooms

  • Monitor groups throughout the activity to prevent conflicts.

  • SOAR (stop, observe, assess, react).

  • Ask open ended questions to refocus the group to the task at hand.

  • Acknowledge emotions (“I see that you’re upset,” or “I understand that this is a powerful topic for you”).

  • Focus dialogue on academic concepts rather than personal opinions.

  • Listen and restate perspectives, especially if one student is receiving all of the heat (“What I think ____ is trying to say is…”).

  • Meet individually with students if necessary.


Effective Student Collaboration requires effectively?

  • Require some form of groupaccountability at the end of each group meeting and individual accountability at given time throughout the activity (half-way and end, or when there seems to be a conflict starting). Some might include:

  • Exit tickets—ask one or two key content or reflective questions (group or individual)

  • Process analysis reflections (group or individual)

  • Self-reflection (individual)


Successful Group Interactions effectively?

include…


Planning Considerations effectively?

“Where can group talk/work fit in to my class activities?


Some Sentence Patterns to use for responses effectively?

How to effectively model for students to…


Sentence Patterns effectively?

Modeling For Students What to Do


More than 50 ways to collaborate
(More than) effectively?50 Ways to Collaborate

It is the long history of humankind (and animal kind, too) those who learned to collaborate and improvise most effectively have prevailed.

—Charles Darwin




Ways to Check Protocol)For Understanding


Active Engagement Strategies Protocol)for Tapping Prior Knowledge


More Active Protocol)Engagement Strategies for Tapping Prior Knowledge


Active Engagement Strategies for Protocol)Tapping Prior Knowledge


Active Engagement Strategies for Protocol)Introducing Vocabulary




Active Protocol)Collaboration Strategies





Active Engagement Strategies for Protocol)Closure or Assessment


Effective Student Collaboration requires Protocol)

  • Explicit Expectations

  • Positive Facilitation

  • Group and Individual Accountability


Taking a bow
Taking a bow… Protocol)

  • What kinds of collaboration will you add to your toolbox of instructional strategies and practices?


Handouts from the presentation copies provided upon request
Handouts from the presentation Protocol)(copies provided upon request)

  • “Productive Group Work in Middle and High School Classrooms” by Nancy Frey, Douglas Fisher, and Aida Allen

  • Discussion Sentence Frames for Middle/High School

  • Structured Language Practice Strategies from the California Reading and Literature Project

  • 33 Collaboration Strategies for those who want variety (a compilation from various sources)

  • SAUSD Common Core Lesson Planner-Preparing the Learner Lesson for Group Roles (part of unit on the historical accuracy of “Paul Revere’s Ride)--DRAFT


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