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Nuclear Issues in South Korea. Introductory Brief of Spent Fuel Management Reform & Nuclear Power Debates in South Korea Kwanghoon Seok, Green Korea United 27 th , September, 2007 CNIC Office in Tokyo. Introduction of myself. Worked for Green Korea since 1996

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Nuclear issues in south korea

Nuclear Issues in South Korea

Introductory Brief of Spent Fuel Management Reform

& Nuclear Power Debates in South Korea

Kwanghoon Seok, Green Korea United

27th, September, 2007

CNIC Office in Tokyo


Introduction of myself
Introduction of myself

  • Worked for Green Korea since 1996

  • Policy consultant for Energy NGOs in Korea

  • Energy Subcommittee member for Presidential Commission on Sustainable Development (2002~)

  • Board Member of Korea Institute for Nuclear Nonproliferation Control (2006~)

  • Nuke power & waste subcommittee member for National Energy Commission (2007~)

  • Interested in energy market reform, nuclear liability management reform & proliferation issues


What happened in waste issues in south korea
What happened in waste issues in South Korea?

  • NGOs urged SF policy reform after Buan

  • ILLW repository decided at MUS$300

  • Activists mentally shocked at the result

  • Spent fuel issue decoupled from ILLW

  • MoCIE submitted RWM law to parliament

  • KHNP resisted to pay back waste fund

  • MoST tried to defend Atomic Energy Law


Pcsd s initiative in the law
PCSD’s initiative in the law

  • “KHNP should pay back fund for SF management & disposal (4thrillion Won = B¥494) within next 10years”(PCSD)

  • KHNP insisting the payback deadline should be extended to the next 20years

  • “Its financing will be tight from 2010 to 2015 due to new nuclear builds”(KHNP)


Growing deficit of nuclear liabilities in kepco
Growing Deficit of Nuclear Liabilities in KEPCO

Source: KEPCO’ Consolidated Financial Statement, June 2007, ★1 Trillion Won = B¥123


Details of nuclear liability deficit in kepco
Details of Nuclear Liability Deficit in KEPCO

Source: KEPCO’s Consolidated Financial Statement 2007, Unit: 100 million Won = M¥12.3



Countries with and without LILW Repository

Source: Authors’ elaborate from UN Demographic Yearbook 2001


What happened in npp issues in south korea
What happened in NPP issues in South Korea?

  • NGOs lost Shin-Kori units 1~4 battles

  • KHNP sacrificed Shin-Wolsong 3~4 for the LLW repository site in Kyeong-ju

  • Kori-1 life extension issued, NGOs involved

  • KHNP prepares Wolsong-1 extension under surface but NGOs are not interested in

  • Anti-nuke NGOs lost their initiative to labor unions in energy market reform debates


What s going on in sf issues
What’s going on in SF issues?

  • KHNP lobbying Parliament to stop the law

  • MOST defending its existence, emphasizing AFCI & GNEP corporation with US DOE & US national labs.

  • MOCIE pushing the law but compromising

  • MOCIE indicated it may drop out centralized storage option due to technical advance

  • NGOs losing their focus in SF issues & may return to simple Anti-nuke campaign


What s going on in npp issues
What’s going on in NPP issues?

  • Life extension plan of Kori-1 is under investigation of safety institute(KINS)

  • KHNP made Wolson-1 refurbishment contract(MUS$300) with AECL in 2006

  • KHNP’s nuclear economics is challenged by National Energy Commission’s nuclear power subcommittee


National energy commission
National Energy Commission

  • Energy NGOs proposed to Parliament in 2005

  • Refused once but accepted by MoCIE in 2006 & launched in 2007

  • Commissioner is President, 25 members are from GOs, NGOs & Universities

  • 4 Subcommittees devote detail discussion; Policy, Technology, Resource Development & Conflict Management(notably Nuke Power & Waste)


Abbreviations
Abbreviations

  • KEPCO=Korea Electric Power Co., Ltd.

  • KHNP=Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power, One of Subsidiaries of KEPCO

  • SF = Spent Fuel

  • ILLW=Intermediate & Low Level Waste

  • PCSD=Presidential Commission on Sustainable Development

  • MoCIE= Ministry of Commerce, Industry & Energy

  • MoST = Ministry of Science & Technology


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