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Cadences and Nonharmonic Tones. Chapter 5. Harmonic Cadence. The end of a musical phrase Can be compared to punctuation 5 types. Perfect Authentic Cadence. V – I Compared to period at the end of sentence Both chords must be in root position

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Cadences and nonharmonic tones

Cadences and Nonharmonic Tones

Chapter 5


Harmonic cadence
Harmonic Cadence

  • The end of a musical phrase

  • Can be compared to punctuation

  • 5 types


Perfect authentic cadence
Perfect Authentic Cadence

  • V – I

  • Compared to period at the end of sentence

  • Both chords must be in root position

  • The root of the I chord must be in the soprano


Imperfect authentic cadence
Imperfect Authentic Cadence

  • V – I

  • Slightly weaker than perfect authentic

  • Does not satisfy the requirements of perfect authentic

  • Substitutes vii° triad for V


Half cadence
Half Cadence

  • Ends with V chord

  • Compared to question mark

  • Most common – I-V, IV-V, ii-V


Plagal cadence
Plagal Cadence

  • IV – I

  • Amen cadence

  • Rarely ii⁶ - I


Deceptive cadence
Deceptive Cadence

  • V – something other than I

  • Most common – V-vi


Nonharmonic tones
Nonharmonic Tones

  • Tones that do not fit in the harmonic chord

  • Creates dissonance

  • Should not be considered when doing Roman numeral analysis

  • Can be accented or unaccented


Passing tones
Passing Tones

  • Fills in the interval of a 3rd

  • Can be accented or unaccented

  • Abbreviation: PT


Neighbor tones
Neighbor Tones

  • Upper or lower neighbor of two repeated tones

  • Can be accented or unaccented

  • Abbreviation: NT


Escape tones
Escape Tones

  • Step up followed by a skip of a 3rd down

  • Only unaccented

  • Abbreviation: ET


Anticipation
Anticipation

  • Anticipates the next chord tone

  • Only unaccented

  • Abbreviation: ANT


Suspension
Suspension

  • Suspends a chord tone from the previous chord and resolves down

  • Consists of preparation, suspension, and resolution

  • Identified by the interval above the bass

  • Types: 9-8 7-6 4-3

  • Only accented

  • Abbreviation: SUS


Retardation
Retardation

  • Suspends a chord tone from the previous chord and resolves up

  • Only accented

  • Abbreviation: RET


Appoggiatura
Appoggiatura

  • Approached by skip and resolved by step in the opposite direction

  • Only accented

  • Abbreviation: APP


Changing tones
Changing Tones

  • Combination of upper and lower neighbor tone

  • Also called double neighbor tones

  • Abbreviation: CT


Pedal tone
Pedal Tone

  • Held or repeated note as chords change

  • Usually in lowest voice

  • Abbreviation: PD


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